A guide to asylum and immigration
Who is who
An asylum seeker is someone who has fled persecution in their homeland, has arrived in another country, made themselves known to the authorities, and exercised their legal right to claim asylum.
The United Kingdom has an international legal duty, under the 1951 UN Convention on Refugees to hear the case of anyone who applies for asylum. They are excluded from the Benefit system.
A refugee is someone whose asylum application has been and who is allowed to stay in another country having proved that they would face persecution back home. They are entitled to full benefits.
A migrant worker is someone who has moved to another country to find work. Their entitlement to the Benefit system is restricted for the first year in the UK.
An illegal immigrant is someone who has moved to another country, intentionally not made themselves known to the authorities, and has no legal basis for being there.