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Ethnicity and cultural identity

Why is this is an issue?

  • Rotherham's population is not homogenous and people with different cultural identities may have different needs or require different approaches to service provision.
  • The cultural composition of Rotherham has been changing at a fast pace with new communities emerging.
  • The Equality Act 2010 places a duty on public services to avoid discrimination on the grounds of race and religion or belief. 

What is the local picture and how do we compare?

  • Rotherham had 236,438 (91.9%) White British and 20,842 (8.1%) Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) residents in the 2011 Census.
  • The largest BME community is Pakistani & Kashmiri who numbered 7,912 in 2011 or 3.1% of the population.
  • The second largest BME group is Other White with 3,418 people, the largest community within this being Slovak and Czech Roma.
  • Rotherham's BME population is relatively low compared with the national average of 20.2%.
  • The 2011 Census showed 66.5% of the population as Christian, 3.7% were Muslim and 0.7% had another religion and 22.5% had no religion.
  • Rotherham has a higher percentage of Christians than the national average of 59.4% and lower percentages of all other categories.
  • 97% of residents had some form of British national identity with 72.8% stating that they were English only. 

What is the trend and what can we predict will happen over time?

  • Rotherham's BME population more than doubled between 2001 and 2011, increasing from 10,080 (4.1%) to 20,842 (8.1%).
  • The ethnic groups with the largest increases were Pakistani, Other White (European), Black African and Mixed / Multiple Heritage.
  • The BME population is increasing and probably exceeded 10% by 2016.
  • The number of Christians fell by 26,034 (13.2%) between 2001 and 2011 whilst those with no religion increased by 32,423 (128%) and Muslims increased by 4,207 (78%).
  • The population will continue to change and become more ethnically and culturally diverse, which is particularly evident in younger residents.

Local Resources

Rotherham Demographic Profile 2016 (see downloads)

Rotherham Demographic Profile 2013

National Resources

National 2011 Census Analysis - Ethnicity, National Identity, Language and Religion